Maize storage

What you should keep in mind

You should keep certain requirements in mind for high-quality maize storage. AGRAVIS will assist you with useful tips and high-performance products.

For high-quality silage, all technical requirements relating to silage must be properly fulfilled: Maize plants generally silage very well and cause no problems during fermentation. They contain a high amount of sugar and carry enough lactic acid bacteria for low-loss silage. Usually it only gets problematic during outputting of the silage, especially when the required minimum feed can’t be guaranteed.

Due to their very high nutrient density, many maize silages tend to have reduced aerobic durability. This means that during the outputting from the silo, the silages quickly heat up and get mouldy. These changes are associated with high losses that can even lead to inadequacy for feeding.

Tip from the experts

To ensure that the durability of the silage won’t become a problem, the use of organic silage mediums is recommended BioCool (Feed) or PlantaSil (Biogas).

Additional tips

  • Silo-ripeness
    Dry matter content in the total plant: 30 to 35 per cent
    Dry matter content in the cob: 50 to 60 per cent (start of dough stage)
  • Silage technology
    Chop length 3–5 millimetres. The drier the plant, the shorter it must be chopped. With Shredlage , pay particular attention to the compacting.
    Align the silo facility according to the requirements for the minimum feed per week (winter: at least 1.5 metres, summer: at least 2.5 metres).
    Store consistently thin layers, maximum layer strength 20–30 centimetres. Adjust the rolling performance to the pick-up rate (pick-up rate: 4 = rolling weight), set up two silos if required, tyre pressure: at least 2 bar.
    Cover the silo hermetically with appropriate materials immediately after finishing the storage process (underlay film, lining wrap, silage film, silo protection grid, silo sacks).
  • Risk
  • Reheating and mould at the time of the output.
  • Use of silage mediums
  • Use of BioCool or PlantaSil to ensure the aerobic longevity.

What can be done if the stocks are damaged?

The maize stocks reflect the prior state of the weather and water availability during the vegetation. When silaging damaged stocks, this should be kept in mind:

You can find more information on the topic of silaging at: