Other seeds

In this section you find information regarding types of fruit with, depending on the region, often of mere secondary importance within the seed trade. Nonetheless, fruits such as beets, clover, alfalfa, sorghum and sunflowers are an important and essential component in agriculture due to their usage as main fruit or as a component in mixtures such as "PremiumSaat"-, "topsoil"- and "gameland" mixtures.

  • Clover (trifolium)

    Clover comes in many different varieties and are often used in crop cultivation due to their high component of digestible protein. Particularly white clover is cultivated together with grasses in grazing mixtures, which significantly improves the nutrition content of the feed.

    Seed quantity: 25-30 kg/ha (white clover 8-12 kg/ha)

    Sowing time: March - May (main fruit)

    Seed depth: 10-20 mm

    Row distance: 12-15 cm

  • Alfalfa (medicago sativa)

    Due to a high mass yield in connection with a large component of protein, Alfalfa is excellently suited for feed crop cultivation. Just as other legumes it also provides the advantage of transferring air-nitrogen into a plant-available form due to nodule bacteria living on the root.

    Seed quantity: approx. 20-30 kg/ha

    Sowing time: March - May (main fruit)

    Seed depth: 10-20 mm

    Row distance: 12-15 cm

  • Beets (beta)

    The most common types of beet are the autumn beet, the fodder beet and the sugar beet. Despite a certain susceptibility for diseases and corresponding requirements for the soil and the crop rotation, beets are of a major economic significance in the sugar production as well as the feed and vegetable sector.

    Seed quantity: Normal seed 15-20 kg/ha (pill seed 3-6 EH/ha)

    Sowing time: March to April (autumn beets July-August)

    Seed depth: 20-30 mm

    Row distance: approx. 40-50 cm

  • Turnips (brassica rapa)

    Winter turnips are one the classic types for the production of catch crop feed and are utilised similarly to winter feed rape. However, they tolerate late sowing more easily than rape and have lesser demands on the location. Turnips can also be used as summer catch crop, whereby the usage as winter catch crop provides more advantages.

    Seed quantity: 10-15 kg/ha (winter turnip)

    Sowing time: July - September

    Seed depth: 20-30 mm

    Row distance: 15-25 cm

  • Sorghum (sorghum)

    Sorghum is still a very young fruit variety in Germany. Even though the original cultivation served the sugar production, today, sorghum is increasingly more important in the feed industry and the energy generation industry by biogas. High mass yields and the dry-tolerance make sorghum interesting for agriculture.

    Seed quantity: 15-25 kg/ha

    Sowing time: May (main fruit)

    Seed depth: 30-50 mm

    Row distance: 30-50 cm

  • Sunflowers (helianthus annuus)

    Next to their usage as an oil plant, sunflowers are also utilised as ornamental plants as well as in the feed and food industry. Due to this versatility, sunflowers have a major economic role despite a relatively minor cultivation area in Germany.

    Seed quantity: 20-30 kg/ha

    Sowing time: April

    Seed depth: 40-60 mm

    Row distance: 50-70 cm