Winter wheat

triticum aestivum

Outline of our focus varieties 2015:

List of varieties


Wheat has greater demands on climate, soil and water supply than other grains. At the end of the Winter wheat dormancy of the seeds in autumn, depending on altitude and time of sowing, the winter wheat is sowed from September until December with approx. 250 to 520 corns per m². Due to the large scope of the thousand seed weight of approx. 40 to 60 g, the specification of an average seed quantity in kg/ha is rather difficult.

To reduce the growth inhibition, winter wheat requires vernalisation through frost temperatures and germination occurs slower in case of later sowing, which is usually connected with lesser ground temperatures. As germination still occurs at soil temperatures of 2 to 4°C, winter wheat is compatible for late sowing, depending on the type.

Hybrid wheat types (hybrid = crossing of two inbred lines) can have some advantages over the line varieties, as they are more vital and stable against stress and have a more productive root system, depending on sowing conditions. Due to the breading progress in line varieties, which reduces the advantages of the hybrids, they represent a rather marginal component in the wheat market.

Seed quantity: 180 - 230 kg/ha (250 - 400 corns/m²)
Sowing time: September - December
Sowing depth: 20 - 40 mm
Row distance: 12 - 15 cm
Yield: 70 - 110 dt/ha

The winter wheat is subclassified into the following qualities:
A= quality wheat
B= baking / bread wheat
C= feed wheat
E= elite wheat