Winter barley

hordeum vulgare

Outline of our focus varieties 2015:

List of all varieties:


Barley is a self-pollinator and differentiation is made between multi-cellular and double-cellular winter barley in cultivation. Sowing occurs in September as a temperature of below 10°C is the ideal condition for the growth of winter barley and is required for vernalisation. Winter barley freezes at temperatures under -10°C over an extended period of time. The formation of sprouts (tillers) is completed prior to winter; these produce stems with ears in the following spring. Barley thrives best on deep, well moist soil, but also manages with less favourable conditions. The annual wheat harvest generally begins with the winter barley.

Hybrid barley is characterised by the yield performance as well as the yield stability compared with line varieties. According to the statements of the cultivators there are furthermore type-specific advantages such as tolerance for late sowing, reduced virus infestation, reduction of Fusarium pressure after maize and the equalisation of working tips for sowing. The development of the cultivated area was positive compared to the line varieties during the past years.

Seed quantity: multi-cellular 120 - 160 kg/ha (250 - 350 grains/m²) and double-cellular 150 - 200 kg/ha (300 - 375 grains/m²)
Sowing time: from September
Sowing depth: 20 - 40 mm
Row distance: 12 - 15 cm
Yield: 50 - 90 dt/ha

Winter barley is subdivided in:

  • multi-cell winter barley (mz)
  • double-cell winter barley (zz)
  • Hybrid barley (Hy)