Summer seed grain




The cultivation of summer seed grain provides a few advantages compared to winter grain. For example, work peaks are prevented due to the late sowing time and it is possible to vary the crop rotation. Nonetheless, the cultivation of summer grain plays a subordinate role compared to the entire grain area due to the more strongly fluctuating and/or lower yields.

  • Summer barley

    While we differentiate double-cellular and multi-cellular varieties, summer barley is only double-cellular. These varieties are mainly classified as feed barley (FG) which, similar to winter barley, is intended for animal feed and brewing barley (BG), which is cultivated for malt houses in contractual cultivation for the production of malt.

    Seed quantity: depending on time and position 140-180 kg (240-300 corns/m²)

    Seed time: from March with starting vegetation

    Seed depth: 20-40 mm

    Yield: Feed barley 50-90 dt/ha and brewing barley 40-70 dt/ha

    Varieties in own propagation:
    Grace (BG) Grace (BG)
    Milford (FG) Milford (FG)
    Overture (BG) Overture (BG)
    Propino (BG) Propino (BG)
    Quench (BG) Quench (BG)
    Salome (FG) Salome (FG)
    Simba (FG) Simba (FG)
    Vespa (FG) Vespa (FG)

  • Summer oats

    Oats appreciates a moderate climate with high rainfalls. As the few winter varieties of oats have a high out-wintering risk (black frost and alternating frost), cultivation mainly involves the summer variety especially in the northern German regions. Oats are used as feed for cattle, poultry and particularly horses, also as oat bran and oat flakes in human nutrition. The straw is used as bedding. As well as the yield, special attention is paid to good grain formation (hl-weight).

    Seed quantiy: depending on time and position 120-160kg (275-350 corns/m²)

    Sowing time: from the beginning of February, depending on trafficability of the ground

    Seed depth: 20-40 mm

    Yield: 45 - 90 dt/ha

    Varieties from own propagation:
    Flocke Flocke
    Max Max
    Oberon Oberon
    Scorpion Scorpion
    Symphony Symphony

  • Spring wheat

    Spring wheat has hardly any market share in normal years, without out-wintering damages, at approx. 1% of the harvest yield. Unlike winter wheat, it does not require vernalisation stimulation, meaning no frost to loose the growth inhibition. Differentiation is made between pure summer forms which are sowed after the frost and rotation wheat, which withstands frost but does not require it urgently for growth. However, the yield is significantly below the level of the winter type; in return, the qualities in the protein content and the backing characteristics are usually higher.

    Seed quantiy: depending on time and position 200-240kg (350-450 corns/m²)

    Sowing time: rotation wheat from October to April - spring wheat from mid-February

    Seed depth: 20-40 mm

    Yield: 55-85 dt/ha

    Varieties in own propagation:
    Kadrilj Kadrilj
    KWS Chamsin KWS Chamsin
    Tybalt Tybalt

  • Summer triticale

    Similar as in the case of spring wheat, the summer triticale is usually a rotation triticale, meaning it has to be sowed from November until the beginning of April. Since the yield is below the winter variety also in this case, the cultivation plays only a subordinate role.

    Seed quantiy: depending on time and position 140-160kg (340-400 corns/m²)

    Sowing time: November to the beginning of April

    Seed depth: 20-40 mm

    Yield: 50 - 80 dt/ha

    Varieties in self-propagation:
    Somtri Somtri

  • Summer rye

    As its winter variety, summer rye is a quite undemanding fruit type with respect to soil characteristics. However, as winter rye - particularly "hybrid varieties" - are extremely late-seed-compatible, sowing in autumn is always successful under normal circumstances. For this reason, the summer variety of the rye has still not been able to achieve cultivation significance.

    Seed quantiy: depending on time and position 100-140kg (250-350 corns/m²)

    Sowing time: mid-February to the end of March

    Seed depth: 10-30 mm

    Yield: 35 - 60 dt/ha

    Varieties from own propagation:
    Arantes Arantes