As maize requires a minimum of water and has modest requirements for the soil, it is a wide-spread cultivated plant with high yield in dry mass. Due to huge progress in the maize cultivation, the first cultivation of hybrid seed maize occurred mid-twentieth century, which produces significantly greater yield as open flowering varieties, but which leads to yield reduction in reproduction. For this reason, fresh seed is purchased annually as the greater costs for hybrid maize are compensated by the greater yield.
To select a suitable maize variety it is important to consider the intended purpose more than in case of other cultivation types. For this purpose one differentiates between two main groups which are of decisive importance with respect to the intended purpose of the maize: corn maize and silage maize.
Characteristics of silage maize
As well as usage-transcending characteristics such as quick youth development, tolerance to the cold and dry condition compatibility as well as good stability and minimal plant inclination, a silage maize variety is characterised as follows:
- high yield of total dry mass
- high energy density in dry mass
- high component of extensively mature starch
- high digestibility of residual plant
- safe and healthy maturation without Fusarium formation
- good harvest flexibility to maintain optimum silage ability over a longer period of time
Characteristics of corn maize
As well as usage-transcending characteristics such as quick youth development, tolerance to the cold and dry condition compatibility and minimal plant inclination, a corn maize variety is characterised as follows:
- extremely high corn yield
- extremely good stability
- minimal infestation of stem rot
- good thresh-ability with minimal corn breakage
The significance of seed maize increases constantly also with respect to the biogas segment. For this purpose, mainly silage maize varieties with high energy yield are cultivated.
Many further tips and information about the biogas topic are available from our colleagues on website www.terravis.info
Test results for the majority of types from the focus program are available in the section of plant cultivation distribution consultation.
The maize focus programs provide you with any information regarding our focus varieties cultivation information.
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