Diversification in cultivation in greening

Cultivation diversification

One of the conditions for receiving the greening bonus: diversification in cultivation

The greening specifications for diversification in cultivation are differentiated depending on the land the operation farms. They are as follows:

  • 10 - 30 ha field area in total = minimum two cultures, none of them more than 75 % of the field area
  • >30 ha field area in total = minimum three cultures, none of them more than 75 % and two cultures no more than 95 % of the field area

Cultures in terms of cultivation diversification are distinguished according to the following criteria:

  • according to the species: wheat, barley, rye, maize and rape are counted one culture
  • according to winter crop and summer crop: winter wheat, spring wheat, winter barley, summer barley are respectively considered as one culture
  • field feed crops (excluding maize) count as one culture regardless of their species (such as field grass and mixtures)
  • Regardless of its specific utilisation in greening (such as silo, corn or CCM), maize always counts as one and the same culture.
  • When cultivating a second crop, it is only the main culture that counts (such as maize after whole-plant rye silage) .

Operations meeting one of the following criteria are exempted from the cultivation diversification specifications:

  • < 10 ha field area
  • 10 - 30 ha field area in total and
    either > 75 % of the useful agricultural area = permanent pasture + feed crop production (without maize)
    or >75 % of the field area = feed crop production (without maize) + set-aside fields
  • > 30 ha field area in total and
    either > 75 % of the useful agricultural area = permanent pasture + feed crop production (without maize) and remaining field area < 30 ha
    or > 75 % of the field area = feed crop production (without maize) + set-aside fields and remaining field area < 30 ha

Examples:

example 1:
An operation has 100 ha of useful agricultural area including landscape elements;
60 ha of permanent greenland, 20 ha of field grass, 20 ha of maize
= this does not require any diversification in cultivation because 80 % of the agriculturally utilised area = permanent greenland + feed crop production and remaining field area < 30 ha

Example 2:
The operation has 200 ha of useful agricultural area incl. landscape elements;
of those: 160 ha permanent pasture, 40 ha maize
= cultivation diversification necessary, because although 80 % (160 ha) of the agriculturally utilised area are permanent pasture, the remaining field area is > 30 ha